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A novel coronavirus infection COVID-19 in practice of obstetrician-gynecologist: a review of current data and guidelines

https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347/ob.gyn.rep.2020.142

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Abstract

In December 2019, a new type of coronavirus was identified in China, called SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) that quickly spread not only within the People’s Republic of China, but also far beyond its borders. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced that the infection caused by novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 became a pandemic. Prior to this, two global epidemics were caused by pathogenic coronaviruses: in 2002 – by SARS-CoV that caused severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and in 2012 – by MERSCoV that resulted in the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). All coronavirus infections in humans are characterized by damage of lower respiratory tract with development of severe pneumonia and respiratory distress syndrome. According to reports, males become sick more often than females. It is known that due to developing immunological suppression pregnant women are at higher risk of contracting infectious diseases. However, the clinical course of SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, its effect on outcome of gestation, and the likelihood of vertical transmission to the fetus still remain unanswered. In this review, we present data on cases of SARS-CoV-2 disease during pregnancy published globally, its effect on outcome of gestation, as well as data on potential routes of infection for fetus and neonates. In addition, we also provide currently available clinical recommendations released by the Royal Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (UK), the American Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (USA), and the National Institute for Reproductive Health Research (India) on the management of pregnant patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.

About the Authors

E. Yu. Iupatov
Kazan State Medical Academy – branch of Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Evgenii Yu. Iupatov – MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

36 Butlerova Str., Kazan 420015

Scopus Author ID: 57201192778



L. I. Maltseva
Kazan State Medical Academy – branch of Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Larisa I. Maltseva – MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

36 Butlerova Str., Kazan 420015



R. S. Zamaleeva
Kazan State Medical Academy – branch of Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Roza S. Zamaleeva – MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

36 Butlerova Str., Kazan 420015



T. P. Zefirova
Kazan State Medical Academy – branch of Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Tatyana P. Zefirova – MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

36 Butlerova Str., Kazan 420015



O. V. Chechulina
Kazan State Medical Academy – branch of Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Olga V. Chechulina – MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

36 Butlerova Str., Kazan 420015



M. I. Mazitova
Kazan State Medical Academy – branch of Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Madina I. Mazitova – MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

36 Butlerova Str., Kazan 420015



T. E. Kurmanbaev
S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy, Ministry of Defense of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Timur E. Kurmanbaev – MD, PhD, Faculty Member, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

6 Klinicheskaya Str., Saint Petersburg 194044



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For citation:


Iupatov E.Yu., Maltseva L.I., Zamaleeva R.S., Zefirova T.P., Chechulina O.V., Mazitova M.I., Kurmanbaev T.E. A novel coronavirus infection COVID-19 in practice of obstetrician-gynecologist: a review of current data and guidelines. Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. 2020;14(2):148-158. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347/ob.gyn.rep.2020.142

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