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Modern view on the etiopathogenesis of heart rhythm disorders and methods of their correction in pregnant women

https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347/ob.gyn.rep.2021.201

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Abstract

Introduction. Issues of etiopathogenesis for various cardiovascular disorders in the structure of extragenital diseases during pregnancy pose an urgent problem and represent a global topic for further scientific research. Due to the high frequency of heart rhythm disorders in pregnant women, it is necessary to improve their management.

Aim: to analyze data from the current literature on the etiopathogenesis of arrhythmias during gestation and effective methods of their correction.

Materials and Methods. Literature sources of electronic databases PubMed/MEDLINE, Medscape, Google Scholar, Embase, Ovid Healthstar, Cochrane, eLibrary, CyberLeninka and scientific articles in peer-reviewed open access journals published across the last 25 years, including basic research on this pathology have been analyzed. The search in databases used keywords and their combinations in Russian and English: "arrhythmias", "arrhythmias in pregnancy", "pathogenesis of gestational arrhythmias".

Results. There have been analyzed major aspects of the etiology and pathogenesis of gestational arrhythmias as well as potential causes for developing first-time rhythm disorders in pregnant women and features of the gestational period as a predictor of emerging arrhythmias in patients with pre-existing pathology of the cardiovascular system are determined. The article describes the most common rhythm disorders and acceptable ways to correct them, taking into account the latest recommendations and research in this area.

Conclusion. The authors concluded that the etiopathogenesis of rhythm disorders during pregnancy and their treatment methods require further examination.

About the Authors

R. Kh. Useinova
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
Russian Federation

Rean Kh. Useinova - Student, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006.



A. N. Sulima
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University; Simferopol Clinical Maternity Hospital № 1
Russian Federation

Anna N. Sulima - MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology № 1, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University; Obstetrician-Gynecologist, Simferopol Clinical Maternity Hospital № 1.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006; 8 Vorovskogo Str., Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295017.



A. N. Rybalka
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
Russian Federation

Anatoliy N. Rybalka - MD, Dr Sci Med, Academician of the Crimean Academy of Sciences, Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology № 1, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006.



D. A. Beglitse
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University; Simferopol Clinical Maternity Hospital № 1
Russian Federation

Dmitriy A. Beglitse - MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology № 1, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University; Chief Physician, Simferopol Clinical Maternity Hospital № 1.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006; 8 Vorovskogo Str., Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295017.



Z. S. Rumyantseva
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
Russian Federation

Zoya S. Rumyantseva - MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology№ 1, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006.



P. N. Baskakov
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
Russian Federation

Petr N. Baskakov - MD, Dr Sci Med, Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology № 1, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006.



M. A. Dizha
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
Russian Federation

Margarita A. Dizha - MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology № 1, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006.



E. M. Dolya
Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University
Russian Federation

Elena M. Dolya - MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine № 2, Georgievsky Medical Academy, Vernadsky Crimean Federal University.

5/7 Lenin Boulevard, Simferopol, Republic of Crimea 295006.



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Review

For citations:


Useinova R.K., Sulima A.N., Rybalka A.N., Beglitse D.A., Rumyantseva Z.S., Baskakov P.N., Dizha M.A., Dolya E.M. Modern view on the etiopathogenesis of heart rhythm disorders and methods of their correction in pregnant women. Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. 2021;15(4):419-429. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347/ob.gyn.rep.2021.201

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ISSN 2313-7347 (Print)
ISSN 2500-3194 (Online)