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Topical issues of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vulvar and vaginal cancer

https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347.2018.12.4.062-070

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Abstract

Vulvar cancer is a rare malignant tumor with the incidence rate of is 3–8 % of the total incidence of female genital malignant diseases. This disease is the 4th common cause of mortality (after cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancers) and accounts for 18.2 % of the total lethal outcomes. The anatomical structure of the external female organs with their extensive lymphatic and vascular networks contribute to the aggressive course, the trend to metastasize and rapid tumor growth. Progress in the timely diagnosis of vulvar and vaginal cancer is directly linked to increased competence and oncological vigilance among general practitioners and healthcare institutions. It is up to the primary care providers to identify women at risk or at the initial stages of cancer, and refer them to specialized medical facilities for further diagnostics and treatment. The high mortality from these diseases may be linked to the late detection and to the suboptimal therapy, which necessitates further research in this area.

About the Authors

A. G. Solopova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Clinical and Preventive Medicine

62 St. Zemlyanoi Val, Moscow 109004, Russia



V. S. Moskvichyova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation

Clinical Resident, Department of Sports Medicine and Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of General Medicine

62 St. Zemlyanoi Val, Moscow 109004, Russia



T. A. Blbulyan
Yerevan State Medical University named after Mkhitar Heratsi
Armenia

Assistant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

2 Koryun St., Yerevan 0025, Armenia



A. S. Shkoda
City Clinical Hospital № 67 named after L.A. Vorokhobov
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Professor, Chief Physician

2/44 Salyama Adilya St., Moscow 123423, Russia



A. D. Makatsariya
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation

MD, PhD, Corresponding Member of RAS, Professor, Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Clinical and Preventive Medicine

62 St. Zemlyanoi Val, Moscow 109004, Russia



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For citation:


Solopova A.G., Moskvichyova V.S., Blbulyan T.A., Shkoda A.S., Makatsariya A.D. Topical issues of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vulvar and vaginal cancer. Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. 2018;12(4):62-70. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347.2018.12.4.062-070

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ISSN 2313-7347 (Print)
ISSN 2500-3194 (Online)