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ENDOTHELIAL SYSTEM OF MOTHER AND FETUS DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY

https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347.2018.12.1.034-041

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Abstract

Aim: to study the endothelial system in women with undeveloped pregnancy and their fetuses.

Materials and methods. The study included 180 first trimester pregnant women. The main group was composed of 90 women, whom a 7-10 week miscarriage was diagnosed followed by an instrumental abortion. The control group included 90 somatic healthy pregnant women, who chose to interrupt their pregnancy by an instrumental abortion. To characterize the endothelium system, we determined the number of desquamated endothelial cells together with cytometric evaluation of cell diameter, perimeter, area, shape, and polarization. Following the instrumental abortion, morphology of the fetal chorion was studied in women of both groups. Light microscopy was used to assess the fetal blood vessels and their differentiation. By means of computed cytomorphometry we determined the primary vessel wall thickness, lumen diameter and its area, as well as the Kernogan index.

Results. The cytometric analysis of desquamated endotheliocytes in pregnant women and that of fetal chorion blood vessels showed identical morphological changes in the endothelial systems of all examined women with pathological pregnancy.

Conclusion. The endothelial dysfunction found in the first trimester pregnant women is accompanied with changes in the endothelium of the fetal chorion, which can lead to pregnancy failure.

About the Authors

A. V. Mironov
Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov, Health Ministry of Russian Federation; City Clinical Hospital № 13, Moscow City Health Department
Russian Federation

Mironov Alexey Valentinovich – PhD, Assistant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Dentistry MSUMD n.a.  A.I. Evdokimov HM of RF. Obstetrician-gynecologist, CCH № 13 Moscow City Health Department.

20, st. 1, ul. Delegatskaya, Moscow, 127473; 1/1, Velozavodskaya ul., Moscow, 115280,  +7(916)6374374



A. M. Torchinov
Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Torchinov Amirkhan Mikhaylovich – MD, Professor, Head of Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Dentistry.

20, st. 1, ul. Delegatskaya, Moscow, 127473



M. M. Umakhanova
Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Umakhanova Madina Musaevna – MD, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Dentistry.

20, st. 1, ul. Delegatskaya, Moscow, 127473



O. V. Galachiev
Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov, Health Ministry of Russian Federation
Russian Federation

Galachiev Oleg Viktorovich – Senior Assistant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Dentistry.

20, st. 1, ul. Delegatskaya, Moscow, 127473



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For citation:


Mironov A.V., Torchinov A.M., Umakhanova M.M., Galachiev O.V. ENDOTHELIAL SYSTEM OF MOTHER AND FETUS DURING THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY. Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. 2018;12(1):34-41. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2313-7347.2018.12.1.034-041

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ISSN 2313-7347 (Print)
ISSN 2500-3194 (Online)