Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction

Advanced search


Full Text:


The article investigates the essence of the phenomenon of surrogacy (surrogate motherhood) from the standpoint of Bioethics and moral foundations of Law. Shows a selection of reference regulations of foreign Legislation. The authors present a Bioethical considerations of surrogacy and the most important issues related to the legal provision for surrogacy. Represented by the sample reference provisions of acts of a number of states (United States, Canada, Australia, United Kingdom, France, Russian Federation). The article suggests measures for improvement of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the context of restrictions to be imposed on the use of the surrogate motherhood technology.

About the Authors

A. A. Ponkina
Institute of Church-State Relations and Law
Russian Federation

PhD (Law), Deputy Director of the Institute of relations between the State and religious denominations and Law,

expert of the Consortium of experts on patients' rights (Moscow),

PO box 49, Moscow, 117525

I. V. Ponkin
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Russian Federation

doctor of science (Law), professor of the Institute of Public Administration and Management;

professor of the Kutafin Moscow State Law University, State Professor,

pr. Vernadskogo, 84, Moscow, 119606


1. Act to regulate certain activities in connection with arrangements made with a view to women carrying children as surrogate mothers (Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985). URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

2. Assisted Human Reproduction Act. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

3. Avis de Comité Consultatif de Bioéthique № 30 du 5 juillet 2004 relatif à la gestationpour-autrui. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

4. Banda Vergara A. Dignidad de la persona y reproducción humana asistida. Revista de Derecho. 1998; IX: 7-42.

5. Basis of the Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

6. Civil Code of Québec. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

7. Code civil de la France. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

8. Code pénal de la France. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

9. Current Practices and Controversies in Assisted Reproduction / Report of a meeting on «Medical, Ethical and Social Aspects of Assisted Reproduction» held at WHO Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland 17-21 September 2001 / Edited by Effy Vayena, Patrick J. Rowe, P. David Griffin. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.

10. Doe vs. Attorney General / Decision of the Michigan Court of Appeals of 1992 № 487 N.W.2d 484. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

11. Gómez de la Torre Vargas M. La fecundación in vitro y la filiación. Santiago de Chile: Editorial Jurídica de Chile, 1993.

12. Loi fédérale sur la procréation médicalement assistée du 18 décembre 1998. URL:

13. Accessed: 01.02.16.

14. New York Domestic Relations. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

15. Surrogacy Act № 2 of 2010. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

16. Surrogacy Act 2010 № 102. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.

17. Surrogate parenting Act № 199 of 1988. URL: Accessed: 01.02.16.


For citations:

Ponkina A.A., Ponkin I.V. SURROGACY – LEGAL AND BIOETHICAL ISSUES. Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. 2016;10(2):70-76. (In Russ.)

Views: 1089

ISSN 2313-7347 (Print)
ISSN 2500-3194 (Online)