Preview

Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction

Advanced search

Streptococcus Group B contamination of the birth canal in pregnant women: the relevance of the introduction of screening programs

https://doi.org/10.17749/2070-4968.2015.9.2.019-023

Full Text:

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of occurrence of group B Streptococcus in women in labour and newborn babies. Materials and methods. prospective study included two groups: group 1 patients (n=35) with full-term pregnancy and term birth, group 2 patients (n=22) with preterm birth in the period from 34 to 37 weeks. All patients upon admission and all newborns was carried out rapid test for Streptococcus group B. Results. in the 1st group, the test was positive in 25.7% of women and 8.6% of newborns. In the 2nd group, the test was positive in 18.2% of women and 22.7% of newborns.a prospective study was conducted of contamination of the genital tract in pregnancy Streptococcus group B. We have formed 2 groups: group 1 patients (n=35) with full-term pregnancy and term birth, group 2 (n=22) patients with preterm birth in the period from 34 to 37 weeks. All patients upon admission and all newborns was conducted rapid test for Streptococcus group B. In the 1st group, the test was positive in 25.7% of women and 8.6% of newborns. In the 2nd group, the test was positive in 18.2% of women and 22.7% of newborns.

About the Authors

S. A. Levakov
First Moscow State Medical Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health Russian Federation
Russian Federation
MD, Professor, Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology


E. K. Borovkova
First Moscow State Medical Sechenov University of the Ministry of Health Russian Federation
Russian Federation
MD, Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology


References

1. Makarov I.O., Borovkova E.I. Bacterial and viral infections in obstetrics and gynecology: Textbook. 2nd ed. [Bakterial’nye i virusnye infektsii v akusherstve i ginekologii: Uchebnoe posobie. 2-e izd]. Moscow. 2013; 256 s.

2. Anderson B.L., Simhan H.N., Simons K.M., Wiesenfeld H.C. Untreated asymptomatic group B streptococcal bacteriuria early in pregnancy and chorioamnionitis at delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 196: 524.e1.

3. Cape A., Tuomala R.E., Taylor C., Puopolo K.M. Peripartum bacteremia in the era of group B streptococcus prophylaxis. Obstet Gynecol. 2013; 121: 812.

4. Phares C.R., Lynfield R., Farley M.M. et al. Epidemiology of invasive group B streptococcal disease in the United States, 1999-2005. JAMA. 2008; 299: 2056.

5. Schrag S.J., Zywicki S., Farley M.M. et al. Group B streptococcal disease in the era of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. N Engl J Med. 2000; 342: 15.

6. Valkenburg-van den Berg A.W., Sprij A.J., Dekker F.W. et al. Association between colonization with Group B Streptococcus and preterm delivery: a systematic review. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2009; 88: 958.

7. Zaleznik D.F., Rench M.A., Hillier S. et al. Invasive disease due to group B Streptococcus in pregnant women and neonates from diverse population groups. Clin Infect Dis. 2000; 30: 276.

8.

9.


For citation:


Levakov S.A., Borovkova E.K. Streptococcus Group B contamination of the birth canal in pregnant women: the relevance of the introduction of screening programs. Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction. 2015;9(2):19-23. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17749/2070-4968.2015.9.2.019-023

Views: 51


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2313-7347 (Print)
ISSN 2500-3194 (Online)